What is dental implantation?
Everyone knows that a tooth consists of a root, which is located in bone tissue. In the medical language, it is an alveolar ridge and a crown, which is located above the gum and is visible in the oral cavity. A dental implant is a titanium analogue of a tooth root. It is also installed in the bone tissue and performs the functions of the root of the tooth. The supra structure, i.e. the part that is above the gum level, is installed on the dental implant, called the abutment and the crown is fixed on top of it. Science has developed and created an artificial tooth, which can function perfectly and physiologically in the oral cavity.
The advantages of this type of treatment are as follows:
- It is possible to restore any number of extracted teeth.
- Does not affect adjacent teeth, unlike classical prosthetics with bridge structures.
- It does not require much getting used to.
- Returns the load of bone tissue, preventing its further decline.
- It does not change the taste of food, speech does not change and there is no sensation of a foreign body in the oral cavity.
- Does not cause an allergic reaction.
All dental implants are titanium. This material is able to integrate into bone tissue. Healing takes place around the implant without rejection. The success of dental implantation depends in part on the surface of the implant, and more on the health and condition of the bone tissue. Distinguish between simultaneous implantation (tooth extraction and implant placement occur on the same day) and delayed (implant placement after healing of the tooth socket, which is 3-6 months). Each method has its own indications and contraindications. To summarize, simultaneous implantation is possible when all the walls of the hole are preserved after tooth extraction – there is no inflammation process and there is a supply of bone tissue to stabilize the dental implant.
There is also the concept of simultaneous loading. When the tooth is removed, the placement of the dental implant and crown takes place in one visit. This is possible when the implant stability in the desired parameters is achieved. The process of bone loss after tooth extraction is mentioned above. In the first year, bone atrophy is 40-60%. The longer the patient thinks about the need for prosthetics. All the less, the bone tissue in the area of the extracted tooth remains. In 90% of cases, it is impossible to manage only with a dental implant.
In view of the loss of bone volume in width and height, it is necessary to perform an operation to restore the parameters of the alveolar crest of the jaw. We are talking about plastic bone tissue. It can occur simultaneously with the installation of the implant, and it may be necessary to first reconstruct the jaw crest sometime after the placement of the dental implant. There are a huge number of bone grafting techniques and methods. Only one thing remains unchanged is that the faster you turn to a specialist with a desire to prosthetics, the less problems you will encounter in the treatment process. Take care of yourself and be healthy!